Journal Articles


When the South River Science Team has conducted research as a team or independently, members have documented their work in peer-reviewed scientific journals. These articles provide an unbiased representation of the background, methods used, findings, and significance of the work.

2019

Flanders, J.R; G. Long;  B. Reese; N. Grosso; W. Clements and R. Stahl Jr. 2019. “Assessment of Potential Mercury Toxicity to Native Invertebrates in a High-Gradient Stream.” Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management: 15(3): 374-384 . doi.org/10.1002/ieam.4133

2018

Chang, G., et al. 2018. “OPTically‐based In situ Characterization System (OPTICS) to quantify concentrations and mass fluxes of mercury and methylmercury in South River, Virginia, USA.” River Research and Applications: 34(9): 1132-1141. doi.org/10.1002/rra.3361

Paris, O.J., et al. 2018. “Exposure to Dietary Methyl-Mercury Solely during Embryonic and Juvenile Development Halves Subsequent Reproductive Success in Adult Zebra Finches.” Environmental Science & Technology: 52(5):3117-3124. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b04752

Vrtlar, T. 2018. Optimization of DGT Methyl Mercury Recovery, Bank Leaching Assessment and Evaluation of Stabilization Efforts on Mercury Fate and Transport in Freshwater Systems. Dissertation in Civil Engineering, Texas Tech University, August.

2017

Brent, R.N.; H.M. Wines; J.C. Luther; N.L. Irving; J. Collins; and B.L. Drake. 2017. “Validation of Handheld X-Ray Fluorescence for In Situ Measurement of Mercury in Soils.” Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering: 5:768-776. doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2016.12.056

Harris, M.J.; J.M. Stinson; and W.G. Landis. 2017. “A Bayesian Approach to Integrated Ecological and Human Health Risk Assessment for the South River, Virginia Mercury-Contaminated Site.” Risk Analysis. doi.org/10.1111/risa.12691

Johns, A.F.; S.E. Graham; M.J. Harris; A.J. Markiewicz; J.M. Stinson; and W.G. Landis. 2017. “Using the Bayesian Network Relative Risk Model Risk Assessment Process to Evaluate Management Alternatives for the South River and Upper Shenandoah River, Virginia.” Integrated Environmental  Assessment Management: 13:100-114. doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1765

Landis, W.G.; K.K. Ayre; A.F. Johns; H.M. Summers; J. Stinson; M.J. Harris; C.E. Herring; and A.J. Markiewicz. 2017. “The Multiple Stressor Ecological Risk Assessment for the Mercury Contaminated South River and Upper Shenandoah River Using the Bayesian Network-Relative Risk Model.”Integrated Environmental  Assessment Management: 13:85-99. doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1758

Landis, W.G.; A.J. Markiewicz; K.K. Ayre; A.F. Johns; M.J. Harris; J.M. Stinson; and H.M. Summers. 2017. “A General Risk-Based Adaptive Management Scheme Incorporating the Bayesian Network Relative Risk Model with the South River, Virginia, as Case Study.” Integrated Environmental  Assessment Management: 13:115-126. doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1800

Swaddle, J.P.; T.R. Diehl; C.E. Taylor; A.S. Fanaee; J.L. Benson; N.R. Huckstep; and D.A. Cristol. 2017. “Exposure to Dietary Mercury Alters Cognition and Behavior of Zebra Finches. ” Current Zoology: 63(2), 213-219. doi.org/ 10.1093/cz/zox007.

Washburn, S.J.; J.D. Blum; J.D. Demers; A.Y. Kurz; and R.C. Landis. 2017. “Isotopic Characterization of Mercury Downstream of Historic Industrial Contamination in the South River, Virginia. ” Environmental Science & Technology: 51(19):10965-10973. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b02577

Whitney, M.C. and D.A. Cristol. 2017. “Impacts of Sublethal Mercury Exposure on Birds: A Detailed Review. ”  Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (Continuation of Residue Reviews). Springer, New York, NY. doi.org/10.1007/398_2017_4

Zhao, Xiaomin and Wu-Seng Lung. 2017. “Modeling the fate and transport of 17β-estradiol in the South River watershed in Virginia.” Chemosphere: Volume 186, November 2017, Pages 780-789. doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.08.058

2016

Buck, K.A.; C.W. Varian-Ramos; D.A. Cristol; and J.P. Swaddle. 2016. “Blood Mercury Levels of Zebra Finches Are Heritable: Implications for the Evolution of Mercury Resistance. ” PLOS ONE: 11(9). doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162440

Seewagen, C.L.; D.A. Cristol; and A.R. Gerson. 2016. “Mobilization of Mercury from Lean Tissues during Simulated Migratory Fasting in a Model Songbird. ” Science Reports: 6 (25762). doi.org/10.1038/srep25762

2015

Caudill, M.T.; E.L. Spear; C.W. Varian-Ramos; and D.A. Cristol. 2015. “PHA-Stimulated Immune-Responsiveness in Mercury-Dosed Zebra Finches Does Not Match Results from Environmentally Exposed Songbirds.” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 94(4):407-11. April. doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1472-1

Foran, C.M.; K.M. Baker; N.R. Grosso; and I. Linkov. 2015. “An Enhanced Adaptive Management Approach for Remediation of Legacy Mercury in the South River.” PLOS ONE 10(2):e0117140.  doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117140

Harris, M.J. 2015. Integrated Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment for the South River, Virginia:  A Bayesian ApproachMasters Thesis. Western Washington University. May 22. 413 pp.

Henry, K.A.; D.A. Cristol; C.W. Varian-Ramos; and E.L. Bradley. 2015. “Oxidative Stress in Songbirds Exposed to Dietary Methylmercury.” Ecotoxicology 24(3):520-6. April. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1400-x

Jackson, A.K.; D.C. Evers; E.M. Adams; D.A. Cristol; C. Eagles-Smith; S.T. Edmonds; C.E. Gray; B. Hoskins; O.P. Lane; A. Sauer; and T. Tear. 2015. “Songbirds as Sentinels of Mercury in Terrestrial Habitats of Eastern North America.” Ecotoxicology 24(2):453-67. March. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1394-4

Liu, P; C.J. Ptacek; D.W. Blowes; W.R. Berti; and R.C. Landis. 2015. “Aqueous Leaching of Organic Acids and Dissolved Organic Carbon from Various Biochars Prepared at Different Temperatures.” Journal of Environmental Quality 44(2), 684-695.  doi.org/10.2134/jeq2014.08.0341

Maddux, S.L.; D.A. Cristol; C.W. Varian-Ramos; and E.L. Bradley. 2015. “The Effect of Mercury on Baseline Corticosterone in a Breeding Songbird.” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 94(2):135-9. February. doi.org/10.1007/s00128-014-1440-1

McCullagh, E.A.; D.A. Cristol; and J.B. Phillips. 2015. “Plumage Color and Reproductive Output of Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialis) Nesting Near a Mercury-Contaminated River.” Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A, Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 50(10):1020-8. doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2015.1038168

Ou, L.; C.W. Varian-Ramos; and D.A. Cristol. 2015. “Effect of Laying Sequence on Egg Mercury in Captive Zebra Finches: An Interpretation Considering Individual Variation.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 34(8):1787-92. August. doi.org/10.1002/etc.2976

2014

Brent, R.N. and D.A. Berberich.  2014. “Use of Artificial Stream Mesocosms to Investigate Mercury Uptake in the South River, Virginia, USA.”  Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 66:201-212. doi.org/10.1007/s00244-013-9964-7

Carlson, J.R.; D. Cristol; and J.P. Swaddle.  2014. “Dietary Mercury Exposure Causes Decreased Escape Takeoff Flight Performance and Increased Molt Rate in European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).” Ecotoxicology 23(8):1464-1473. October. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1288-5

Cristol, D.A.; K.M. Johnson; K.D. Jenkins; and D.M. Hawley. 2014. “Timing of Feather Molt Related to Date of Spring Migration in Male White-Throated Sparrows, Zonotrichia albicollis.” Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 321(10):586-94. December. doi.org/10.1002/jez.1899

Johns, Annie F. (Annie Franklin) 2014. Calculating Risk Change with Management Actions Using Bayesian Networks for the South River, Virginia, USA. Master’s Thesis. Western Washington University Graduate School Collection. 357.

Moore, C.S.; D.A. Cristol; S.L. Maddux; C.W. Varian-Ramos; and E.L. Bradley. 2014. “Lifelong Exposure to Methylmercury Disrupts Stress-Induced Corticosterone Response in Zebra Finches (Taeniopygia guttata).” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33(5):1072-1076. May. doi.org/10.1002/etc.2521

Paulson, Kristen; M.A. 2014. Methylmercury Production in Riverbank Sediments of the South River, Virginia (USA) and Assessment of Biochar as a Mercury Treatment Option. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 113 pp. UWSpace.

Skalak, K.J. and J. Pizzuto.  2014.  “Reconstructing Suspended Sediment Mercury Contamination of a Steep, Gravel-Bed River Using Reservoir Theory.” Environmental Geosciences 21(1):17-35. doi.org/10.1306/eg.08151313007

Stahl, Jr., R.G.; D. Kain; P. Bugas; N.R. Grosso; A. Guiseppi-Elie; and M.R. Liberati.  2014.  “Applying a Watershed-Level, Risk-Based Approach to Addressing Legacy Mercury Contamination in the South River, Virginia: Planning and Problem Formulation.”  Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 20(2):316-345. doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2014.844053

Stotts, S.; M. O’Neal; J. Pizzuto; and C. Hupp.  2014.  “Exposed Tree Root Analysis as a Dendrogeomorphic Approach to Estimating Bank Retreat at the South River, Virginia.” Geomorphology 223:10-18. doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.06.012

Varian-Ramos, C.W.; J.P. Swaddle; and D.A. Cristol. 2014. “Mercury Reduces Avian Reproductive Success and Imposes Selection: An Experimental Study with Adult- or Lifetime-Exposure in Zebra Finch.” PLOS One 23;9(4):e95674. April. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095674

White, A.E. and D.A. Cristol. 2014. “Plumage Coloration in Belted Kingfishers (Megaceryle alcyon) at a Mercury-Contaminated River.”  Waterbirds 37(2):144-152.  doi.org/10.1675/063.037.0203

Yates, D.M.; E.M. Adams; S.E. Angelo; D.C. Evers; J. Schmerfeld; M.S. Moore; T.H. Kunz; T. Divoll; S.T. Edmonds; C. Perkins; R. Taylor; and N.J. O’Driscoll.  2014.  “Mercury in Bats from the Northeastern United States.” Ecotoxicology 23(1):45-55. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-013-1150-1

2013

Berti, W.R.; A. Guiseppi-Elie; E. Quinn; R.H. Jensen; and D. Cocking. 2013. “Evaluation of Garden Crop Mercury Uptake and Potential Exposure from Consumption of Garden Crops Grown on Floodplain Soils.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 19:215-231. doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2012.683731

Chin, S.Y.; J.D. Willson; D.A. Cristol; D.V.V. Drewett; and W.A. Hopkins.  2013.  “Altered Behavior of Neonatal Northern Watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon) Exposed to Maternally Transferred Mercury.”  Environmental Pollution 176:144-150. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.01.030

Chin, S.Y.; J.D. Willson; D.A. Cristol; D.V.V. Drewett; and W.A. Hopkins.  2013.  “High Levels of Maternally Transferred Mercury Do Not Affect Reproductive Output or Embryonic Survival of Northern Watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon).”  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32(3):619-626.  March.  https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.2095

Desrochers, Krista A.N. 2013. Geochemical Characterization and Assessment of Stabilization Mechanisms for Mercury-Contaminated Riverbank Sediments from the South River, Virginia (USA). UW Space. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 115 pp.

Drewett, D.V.; J.D. Willson; D.A. Cristol; S.Y. Chin; and W.A. Hopkins.  2013.  “Inter- and Intraspecific Variation in Mercury Bioaccumulation by Snakes Inhabiting a Contaminated River Floodplain.”  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32(5):1178-1186. doi.org/10.1002/etc.2157

Hopkins, B.C.; M.J. Hepner; and W.A. Hopkins. 2013. “Non-Destructive Techniques for Biomonitoring of Spatial, Temporal, and Demographic Patterns of Mercury Bioaccumulation and Maternal Transfer in Turtles.” Environmental Pollution 177:164-70. June. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.02.018

Hopkins, B.C. and J.D. Willson. 2013. “Mercury Exposure Is Associated with Negative Effects on Turtle Reproduction.” Environmental Science & Technology47(5):2416-2. March 5. doi.org/10.1021/es304261s

Hopkins, B.C.; S.Y. Chin; J.D. Willson; and W.A. Hopkins.  2013.  “Like Mother, Like Offspring: Maternal and Offspring Wound Healing Correlate in Snakes.”  The Journal of Experimental Biology 216:2545-2547. doi.org/10.1242/jeb.084202

Riva-Murray, K.; P.M. Bradley; B.C. Scudder Eikenberry; C.D. Knightes; C.A. Journey; M.E. Brigham; and D.T. Button.  2013.  “Optimizing Stream Water Mercury Sampling for Calculation of Fish Bioaccumulation Factors.” Environmental Science & Technology 47(11):5904-5912. June 4.  doi.org/10.1021/es303758e

Varian-Ramos, C.W.; J.P. Swaddle; and D.A. Cristol. 2013. “Familial Differences in the Effects of Mercury on Reproduction in Zebra Finches.” Environmental Pollution 182:316-23. November. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.07.044

Wang, J. and M.C. Newman. 2013. “Projected Hg Dietary Exposure of 3 Bird Species Nesting on a Contaminated Floodplain (South River, Virginia, USA).”Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 9(2):285-293. doi.org/10.1002/ieam.1366

Wang, J.; M.C. Newman; X. Xu; and L. Liang. 2013. “Higher and More Variable Methylmercury Biomagnification Factors for Floodplain than the Contiguous River (South River, Virginia USA).” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 92:191-198. doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.04.023

Willson, J.D. and W.A. Hopkins. 2013. “Evaluating the Effects of Anthropogenic Stressors on Source-Sink Dynamics in Pond-Breeding Amphibians.” Conservation Biology 27(3):595-604. June. doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12044

2012

Nam, D-H.; D. Yates; P. Ardapple; D.C. Evers; J. Schmerfeld; and N. Basu.  2012.  “Elevated Mercury Exposure and Neurochemical Alterations in Little Brown Bats (Myotis lucifugus) from a Site with Historical Mercury Contamination.”  Ecotoxicology 21(4):1094-2101.  May. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-012-0864-9

Northam, W.T.; L.A. Allison; and D.A. Cristol.  2012.  “Using Group-Specific PCR to Detect Predation of Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) by Wolf Spiders (Lycosidae) at a Mercury-Contaminated Site.  Science of the Total Environment 416:225-231.  February 1. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.11.083

Pizzuto, J. 2012. “Predicting the Accumulation of Mercury-Contaminated Sediment on Riverbanks—An Analytical Approach.” Water Resources Research48(7). July. doi.org/10.1029/2012WR011906

Summers, H.M. 2012. “The Use of a Bayesian Network to Calculate the Risks of Mercury Contamination to Fish and Birds of the South River, Virginia.” Master’s Thesis. Western Washington University. May 16.

Todd, B.D.; C.M. Bergeron; and W.A. Hopkins.  2012. “Use of Toe Clips as a Nonlethal Index of Mercury Accumulation and Maternal Transfer in Amphibians.”  Ecotoxicology 21(3):882-887.  April. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-012-0850-2

Todd, B.D.; J.D. Willson; C.M. Bergeron; and W.A. Hopkins.  2012.  “Do Effects of Mercury in Larval Amphibians Persist after Metamorphosis?”  Ecotoxicology21(1):87-95.  January. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-011-0768-0

Willson, J.D.; W.A. Hopkins; C.M. Bergeron; and B.D. Todd. 2012. “Making Leaps in Amphibian Ecotoxicology: Translating Individual-Level Effects of Contaminants to Population Viability.” Ecological Applications 22(6):1791-802. September. doi.org/10.1890/11-0915.1

Yu, R.Q.; J.R. Flanders; E.E. Mack; R. Turner; M.B. Mirza; and T. Barkay. 2012. “Contribution of Coexisting Sulfate and Iron Reducing Bacteria to Methylmercury Production in Freshwater River Sediments.” Environmental Science & Technology 46(5):2684-91. March 6. doi.org/10.1021/es2033718

2011

Bergeron, C.M.; W.A. Hopkins; C.M. Bodinof; S.A. Budischak; H. Wada; and J.M. Unrine. 2011. “Counterbalancing Effects of Maternal Mercury Exposure During Different Stages of Early Ontogeny in American Toads.” Science of the Total Environment 409(22):4746-52. October 15. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.07.036

Bergeron, C.M.; W.A. Hopkins; B.D. Todd; M.J. Hepner; and J.M. Unrine.  2011.  “Interactive Effects of Maternal and Dietary Mercury Exposure Have Latent and Lethal Consequences for Amphibian Larvae.” Environmental Science & Technology 45:3781-3787. https://doi.org/10.1021/es104210a

Brent, R.N. and D.G. Kain.  2011.  “Development of an Empirical Nonlinear Model for Mercury Bioaccumulation in the South and South Fork Shenandoah Rivers of Virginia.”  Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61(4):614-623.  November. doi.org/10.1007/s00244-011-9664-0

Bugas, Jr., P.E. 2011. Angler Survey: South River, Augusta County and Waynesboro, VA, May – September 2011. F-111-R. 25 pp

Bundschuh, M.; J.P. Zubrod; F. Seitz; M.C. Newman; and R. Schulz. 2011. “Mercury-Contaminated Sediments Affect Amphipod Feeding.” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 60(3):437-443. doi.org/10.1007/s00244-010-9566-6

Chalmers, A.T.; D.M. Argue; D.A. Gay; M.E. Brigham; C.J. Schmitt; and D.L. Lorenz. 2011. “Mercury Trends in Fish from Rivers and Lakes in the United States, 1969-2005.” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 175:175-191. doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1504-6 

Gibson, B.D.; C.J. Ptacek; M.B. Lindsay; and D.W. Blowes. 2011. “Examining Mechanisms of Groundwater Hg(II) Treatment by Reactive Materials: An EXAFS Study.” Environmental Science & Technology 45(24):10415-21. December 15. doi.org/10.1021/es202253h

Hallinger, K.K.; K.L. Cornell; R.L. Brasso; and D.A. Cristol. 2011. “Mercury Exposure and Survival in Free-Living Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor).”Ecotoxicology 20(1):39-46. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-010-0554-4

Hallinger, K.K. and D.A. Cristol.  2011.  “The Role of Weather in Mediating the Effect of Mercury Exposure on Reproductive Success in Tree Swallows.”  Ecotoxicology 20(6):1368-1377.  August. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-011-0694-1

Jackson, A.K.; D.C. Evers; S.B. Folsom; A.M. Condon; J. Diener; L.F. Goodrick; A.J. McGann; J. Schmerfeld; D.A. Cristol.  2011.  “Mercury Exposure in Terrestrial Birds Far Downstream of An Historical Point Source.”  Environmental Pollution 159(12):3302–3308.  December. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.046

Newman, M.C.; X. Xu; A. Condon; and L. Liang. 2011. “Floodplain Methylmercury Biomagnification Factor Higher Than That of the Contiguous River (South River, Virginia USA). Environmental Pollution 159(10):2840-2844. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.04.045

Reeser, Stephen J. 2011. 2011 South Fork Shenandoah River Angler Creel Survey. 14 pp.

Todd, B.D.; C.M. Bergeron; M.J. Hepner; and W.A. Hopkins. 2011. “Aquatic and Terrestrial Stressors in Amphibians: A Test of the Double Jeopardy Hypothesis Based on Maternally and Trophically Derived Contaminants.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20(10):2277-2284. doi.org/10.1002/etc.617

Todd, B.D.; C.M. Bergeron; M.J. Hepner; J.N. Burke; and W.A. Hopkins.  2011. “Does Maternal Exposure to an Environmental Stressor Affect Offspring Response to Predators?”  Oecologia 166(1):283–290.  May. doi.org/10.1007/s00442-011-1961-9

Varian-Ramos, C.W.; A.M. Condon; K.K. Hallinger; K.A. Carlson-Drexler; and D.A. Cristol.  2011.  “Stability of Mercury Concentrations in Frozen Avian Blood Samples.”  Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 86(2):159-162.  February. doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-0164-0

Wada, H.; C.M. Bergeron; F.M. McNabb; B.D. Todd; and W.A. Hopkins.  2011.  “Dietary Mercury Has No Observable Effects on Thyroid-Mediated Processes and Fitness-Related Traits in Wood Frogs.”  Environmental Science and Technology 45(18):7915-7922.  September 15. doi.org/10.1021/es201084q

Yu, R. Flanders, J., Mack, EE, Turner, RR, Bilal Mirza, M., and T. Barkay. 2011. “Contribution of Coexisting Sulfate and Iron Reducing Bacteria to Methylmercury Production in Freshwater River Sediments.” Environmental Science and Technology. 46(5): 2684–2691. doi.org/10.1021/es2033718

2010

Bergeron, C.M.; C.M. Bodinof; J.M. Unrine; and W.A. Hopkins. 2010. “Mercury Accumulation along a Contaminated Gradient and Nondestructive Indices of Bioaccumulation in Amphibians.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29(4): 980-988. doi.org/10.1002/etc.121

Bergeron, C.M.; C.M. Bodinof; J.M. Unrine; and W.A. Hopkins. 2010. “Bioaccumulation and Maternal Transfer of Mercury and Selenium in Amphibians.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29(4): 989-997. doi.org/10.1002/etc.125

Brasso, R.L.; M.K. Abdel Latif; and D.A. Cristol. 2010. “Relationship Between Laying Sequence and Mercury Concentrations in Tree Swallow Eggs.”Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29(5): 1155-1159. doi.org/10.1002/etc.144

Burke J.N.; C.M. Bergeron; B.D. Todd; and W.A. Hopkins.  2010.  “Effects of Mercury on Behavior and Performance of Northern Two-Lined Salamanders (Eurycea bislineata).”  Environmental Pollution 158(12):3546-3551.  December. doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.08.017

Flanders, J.R.; R.R. Turner; T. Morrison; R. Jensen; J. Pizzuto; K. Skalak; and R. Stahl. 2010. “Distribution, Behavior, and Transport of Inorganic and Methylmercury in a High Gradient Stream.” Applied Geochemistry 25: 1756-1769. doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.09.004

Hallinger, K.K. and D.A. Cristol. 2010. “Use of Chemical Tracer to Detect Floaters in a Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) Population. Journal of Environmental Indicators 5(1): 7-16.

Hallinger, K.K.; D.J. Zabransky; K.A. Kazmer; and D.A. Cristol. 2010. “Birdsong Differs Between Mercury-Polluted and Reference Sites.” The Auk 127:156-161. doi.org/10.1525/auk.2009.09058

Neufeld, D.S.G.  2010.  “Mercury Accumulation in Caged Corbicula: Rate of Uptake and Seasonal Variation.”  Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 168:385-396. doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1121-4

Newman, M.C. 2010. Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: Third Edition. p. 150-152.

O’Neal, M.A. and J.E. Pizzuto. 2010. “The Rates and Spatial Patterns of Annual Riverbank Erosion Revealed Through Terrestrial Laser-Scanner Surveys of the South River, Virginia.” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. doi.org/10.1002/esp.2098

Pizzuto J.; M. O’Neal; and S. Stotts.  2010.  “On the Retreat of Forested, Cohesive Riverbanks.”  Geomorphology 116(3-4):341–352.  April. doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.11.008

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto.  2010.  “The Distribution and Residence Time of Suspended Sediment Stored within the Channel Margins of a Gravel-Bed Bedrock River.”  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 35(4):435-446. doi.org/10.1002/esp.1926

Sleeman, J.M.; D.A. Cristol; A.E. White; D.C. Evers; R.W. Gerhold; and M.K. Keel. 2010. “Mercury Poisoning in a Free-Living Northern River Otter (Lontra canadensis).” Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46(3): 1035-1039. doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.1035

Tom, K.R.; M.C. Newman; and J. Schmerfeld. 2010. “Modeling Mercury Biomagnification (South River, Virginia, USA) to Inform River Management Decision Making.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29(4): 1013-1020. doi.org/10.1002/etc.117

Wada, H.; D.E. Yates; D.C. Evers; R.J. Taylor; and W.A. Hopkins. 2010. “Tissue Mercury Concentrations and Adrenocortical Responses of Female Big Brown Bats (Eptesicus fuscus) Near a Contaminated River.” Ecotoxicology 19:1277-1284. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-010-0513-0

2009

Condon, A.M. and D.A. Cristol. 2009. “Feather Growth Influences Blood Mercury Level of Young Songbirds.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 28(2):395-doi.org/10.1897/08-094.1

Eggleston, J. 2009. Mercury Loads in the South River and Simulation of Mercury Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for the South River, South Fork Shenandoah River, and Shenandoah River—Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5076. 80 p. doi.org/10.3133/sir20095076

Hawley, D.M.; Hallinger, K.K.; and D.A. Cristol. 2009. “Compromised Immune Competence in Free-Living Tree Swallows Exposed to Mercury.” Ecotoxicology 18(5): 499-503. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-009-0307-4

Pizzuto, J. 2009. “An Empirical Model of Event Scale Cohesive Bank Profile Evolution.” Earth Surface Processes and Landfarms 34(9): 1234-1244. doi.org/10.1002/esp.1808

Pizzuto, J.E. and M.A. O’Neal, M.A. 2009. “Increased Mid-Twentieth Century Riverbank Erosion Rates Related to the Demise of Mill Dams, South River, Virginia.” Geology 37(1):19-22. doi.org/10.1130/G25207A.1

Rhoades, E.L.; M.A. O’Neal; and J.E. Pizzuto. 2009. “Quantifying Bank Erosion on the South River from 1937 to 2005, and Its Importance in Assessing Hg Contamination.” Applied Geography 29:125–134. doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.08.005

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2009. “Modeling a Century of Pollution in the South River: A Geological Approach.” Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs Vol. 41, No. 7, p. 80.

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; and D. Hart. 2009. “Influence of Small Dams on Downstream Channel Characteristics in Pennsylvania and Maryland: Implications for the Longterm Geomorphic Effects of Dam Removal.” Journal of American Water Resources Association 5(1): 97-109. doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2008.00263.x

Wada, H.; D.A. Cristol; F.M.A. McNabb; and W.A. Hopkins. 2009. “Suppressed Adrenocortical Responses and Thyroid Hormone Levels in Birds Near a Mercury Contaminated River.” Environmental Science and Technology 43(15), p. 6031-6038. doi.org/10.1021/es803707f

2008

Brasso, R.L. and D.A. Cristol. 2008. “Effects of Mercury Exposure on the Reproductive Success of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor).” Ecotoxicology 17(2):133-141. doi.org/10.1007/s10646-007-0163-z

Cristol, D.A.; R.L. Brasso; A.M. Condon; R.E. Fovargue; S.L. Friedman; K.K. Hallinger; A.P. Monroe; and A.E. White. 2008. “The Movement of Aquatic Mercury through Terrestrial Food Webs.” Science 320:335. doi.org/10.1126/science.1154082

Friedman, S.L.; R.L. Brasso; and A.M. Condon. 2008. “An Improved, Simple Nest-Box Trap.” Journal of Field Ornithology 79:99-101. doi.org/10.1111/j.1557-9263.2008.00150.x

Monroe, A.P.; K.K. Hallinger; R.L. Brasso; and D.A. Cristol. 2008. “Occurrence and Implications of Double Brooding in a Southern Population of Tree Swallows.” Condor 110: 382-386. doi.org/10.1525/cond.2008.8341

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2008. “The Importance of Fine-Grained Channel Margin (FGCM) Deposits in Assessing Multiple Residence Times of Suspended Sediments and Contaminants in Gravel-Bed Rivers.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 89(53), Fall Meeting Supplement. Abstract H51J-04. doi.org/10.1029/eost2008EO53

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2008. “The Distribution, Residence Time, and Fate of Hg and Sediment in Fine-Grained Channel Margin (FGCM) Deposits within a Steep, Gravel-Bed River”. Geological Society of America Joint Annual Meeting. Abstract 165-4.

2007

Bergeron, C.M.; J.F. Husak; J.M. Unrine; C.S. Romanek; and W.A. Hopkins. 2007. “Influence of Feeding Ecology on Blood Mercury Concentrations in Four Species of Turtles.” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26(8):1733-1741. doi.org/10.1897/06-594R.1

Murphy, G.W.; T.J. Newcomb; and D.J. Orth. 2007. “Sexual and Seasonal Variations of Mercury in Smallmouth Bass.” Journal of Freshwater Ecology 22(1):135-143. doi.org/10.1080/02705060.2007.9664153

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; J.R. Flanders; T.W. Morrison; R. Turner; R. Jensen; and N.R. Grosso. 2007. “Conceptual Models of Particulate and Mercury Transport and Storage for S. River, VA.” Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs Vol. 39, No. 6, p. 249.

Skalak, K.; P. Wilcock; and J. Pizzuto. 2007. “Trapping of Fine-Grained Sediment in a Gravel-Bed River by Large Woody Debris: A Physical Modeling Study.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 88(52), Fall Meeting Supplement. Abstract H51E-0811. doi.org/10.1029/eost2007EO52

2006

Fleming, E.J.; E.E. Mack; P.G. Green; D.C. Nelson.  2006.  “Mercury Methylation from Unexpected Sources: Molybdate-Inhibited Freshwater Sediments and an Iron-Reducing Bacterium.”  Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72(1):457-464.  January. doi.org/10.1128/AEM.72.1.457-464.2006

Hess, J. and J.E. Pizzuto. 2006. “Distribution and Residence Times of Large Woody Debris Along South River, Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract H43D-0516.

Hess, J.; J.E. Pizzuto; P. Narinesingh; and K.J. Skalak. 2006. “Geomorphic Control of Large Woody Debris Along South River, Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.”Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Abstract 22-9. Philadelphia, PA.

McClain, J. 2006. “A Different Kind of Meth Lab.” Ideation.

Narinesingh, P.; E. Rhoades; M. O’Neal; J.E. Pizzuto; K.J. Skalak; and J. Hess. 2006. “The South River, VA: An Alluvial Channel with Highly Stable Riverbanks.Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Abstract 71-4. Philadelphia, PA.

Rhoades, E.; P. Narinesingh; M.A. O’Neal; and J.E. Pizzuto. 2006. “Using Tripod Mounted Lidar to Determine Riverbank Erosion Rates Along the South River, Virginia.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 87(36), Spring Meeting Supplement, Abstract H43F-10.

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2006. “Fine-Grained Channel Margin (FGCM) Deposits Conditioned by Large, Woody Debris (LWD) in a Gravel-Bed River. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 87(52), Fall Meeting Supplement. Abstract H41H-05.

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; P. Narinesingh; E. Rhoades; and M. O’Neal. 2006. “Application of a Sediment Budget Approach to Evaluate Sources and Sinks of Hg-Contaminated Sediment in a Gravel-Bed River, S. River, VA.” Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 38, No. 7, p. 55.

Skalak, K.J.; J.E. Pizzuto; P. Narinesingh; E. Rhoades; and M. O’Neal. 2006. “Application of a Sediment-Budget Approach to Evaluate Sources and Sinks of Hg Contaminated Sediment in a Gravel-Bed River, S. River, Virginia.” Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Abstract 19-10. Philadelphia, PA.

2005

Bugas, Jr., P.E. 2005. Angler Survey: South River – Upper S. Fork Shenandoah River, Augusta and Rockingham Counties, VA, April – October 2005. F-111-R-13. 25 pp. http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/fishing/waterbodies/reports/
SouthRiverAnglerSurveyReport.pdf

Murphy, G.W.; T.J. Newcomb; D.J. Orth; and S.J. Reeser. 2005. “Food Habits of Selected Fish Species in the Shenandoah River Basin, Virginia.” Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 59:325 335.

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2005. “The Geomorphic Effects of Existing Dams and Historic Dam Removals in the Mid-Atlantic Region, USA.” Managing Watersheds for Human and Natural Impacts: Engineering, Ecological, and Economic Challenges. ASCE Conf. Proc. 178, 29. DOI: 10.1061/40763(178)29.

2004

Skalak, K. and J. Pizzuto. 2004. “The Influence of Dams on Streams of the Mid Atlantic Region, USA.” Eos Trans. AGU 85(47), Fall Meeting Supplement. Abstract H53B-1248.

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; and P. Jenkins. 2004. “The Effects of Dam Removal on Downstream Channel Characteristics in Pennsylvania and Maryland: Assessing the Potential Consequences of Dam Removal.” GSA Northeastern and Southeastern Section Abstracts with Programs, Joint Spring Meeting, Vol. 36, No. 2. March.

2003

Bloom, N.S.; E. Preus; J. Katon; M. Hiltner. 2003. “Selective Extractions to Assess the Biogeochemically Relevant Fractionation of Inorganic Mercury in Sediments and Soils.” Anal. Chim. Act. 479:233-248.

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; and P. Jenkins. 2003. “The Effects of Dam Removal on Downstream Channel Characteristics in Pennsylvania and Maryland: Assessing the Potential Consequences of Dam Removal.” Eos Trans. AGU 84(46), Fall Meeting Supplement. Abstract H52A-1168.

Skalak, K.; J. Pizzuto; and P. Jenkins. 2003. “The Effects of Dam Removal on Downstream Channel Characteristics in Pennsylvania and Maryland: Assessing the Potential Consequences of Dam Removal.” GSA Abstracts with Programs, National Meeting. November.

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